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Bankruptcy & Company Winding Up

Similar to many other developed countries and jurisdictions,  economy in Hong Kong often has its ups and downs. When things  turn out not as good as expected, insolvency situations may end up in bankruptcy for individuals and winding up for corporations.

Bankruptcy under Bankruptcy Ordinance, Chapter 6 of the Laws of Hong Kong


There are 2 types of bankruptcy :-

  1. Debtor's Bankruptcy -

    • where individual debtor having incurred debts over HK$10,000 and being unable to pay such debts, pro-actively files a debtor's bankruptcy Petition with The High Court of Hong Kong

    • As the paper work is often complicated, debtors' petitions are usually filed through a solicitors firm.

    • The whole process from debtor's petition up to the date of Bankruptcy Order takes about several months depending on the complexity of the cases.

    • Undischarged bankrupt debtors are subject to many restrictions, and  will not be allowed to borrow from banks/financial institutions, and further they could not take up post as directors of limited companies.

    • The Bankruptcy Order will usually be  discharged after 4 years.

  2. Creditor's Bankruptcy​ -

    • where a creditor having served a statutory demand notice against a debtor, files a creditor's bankruptcy petition​ against the debtor who fails to satisfy the statutory demand notice.

    • If the creditor could successfully prove that the debt is still owing and unpaid, The High Court will grant a bankruptcy order unless  the debtor can satisfy the Court why the bankruptcy order should not be pronounced against the debtor.

    • The Bankruptcy Order will be discharged after 4 years.


Winding Up under the Companies (winding Up & Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance, Chatper 32 of the Laws of Hong Kong

A limited company, which is unable to pay its debts when fall due, may be wound up by creditor(s) under compulsory winding up procedures. 

On the other hand, where a limited company is solvent (i. e. able to pay up its debts from its assets) may still voluntarily wind up the company if all the members and directors for some reasons do not want to continue to run the company any more. 


Raymond T. L. Tse & Co. Solicitors

​Our Address:

Unit A​, 10/F, World Trust Tower,

50 Stanley Street, Central, HONG KONG

Tel: (852) 2521 2711     

Office Opening Hours:

Monday-Friday 9:30AM-1:00PM, 2:00PM-5:30PM

Saturday 9:30AM-1:00PM

Closed on Sundays & Public Holidays

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